Saturday, August 24, 2019

8/24/19 Report - Two Weather Systems to Watch. Changing Times and Changing Finds.

Written by the Treasureguide for the exclusive use of

The National Hurricane Center map is becoming more active in our part of the world.  

The area of low pressure over Florida has a 70%  chance of becoming a cyclone.  It is predicted to move north and out into the Atlantic.  I'd say there is not much chance that it will affect us very much.

The other system is heading west/northwest, but I don't think it will affect us much either, but there is still a lot of time for it to change.

Still, it is that time of year and I'll be watching for something that might improve beach detecting conditions.

The Treasure Coast surf is supposed to be up to three feet today but nothing higher than two feet for the next week or so.


How things have changed!  And it didn't take long.

I came across some photos of a something you'll probably never see again.  It was a circus parade that came down main street when I was young..

I remember going out to the field where they were going to set up and watching the elephants being used to put up the poles to hold the big tent.

That doesn't happen any more.  It is something children today will never see again.

Its amazing how much has changed in my lifetime, and even during the years that I've been detecting.

There was a time when you'd find a lot of the ring type pull tabs.  Now they aren't too common.

Its amazing really.

I remember when we first got a TV and there was only on program, which came on in the evening for one hour.  Friends of the family would come over to watch it.

Gold and jewelry fashions have changed too.  Now you get a lot of rings made of materials like tungsten or stainless steel, which I didn't find twenty years ago.

Even gold changed.  Recently there was a lot more white gold.  It seems that yellow gold is coming back now.

Of course the internet changed a lot of things.  I think the metal detecting community is generally much more informed now.  And it is a great research tool.

I found tons of hotel keys in the past.  They are not nearly as common today.  Many hotels are now using the magnetic cards.

I also used to find a lot of arcade or game room tokens - also transportation tokens ie bus, turnpike, and other types of tokens.

Circus Token Dug on Florida Beach.

Here is a very nice pdf on the history of early gaming tokens.

Silver modern coins were more common finds too.

I also used to get a lot more of the WW II shells than I have in recent years.

Also soda bottle caps used to litter some beaches.  We still have bottle tops to contend with, but not so much from soda bottles.

The same for glass soda bottles, which are now mostly plastic.

And one thing I found recently that I never found way back when is a smart phone.  I did find a few beepers back some years ago, if you remember those now.

All of the older things can still be found today if you find a good site or we get some improvement in beach conditions.

I'm sure I could think of some more changes in the last thirty or so years of metal detecting.  Maybe you can add some to my list.

That one system has a chance of developing in a few days.

Happy hunting,

Friday, August 23, 2019

8/23/19 Report - Atlantic Heating Up. Mint Error. Problems With Air Tests and Tests Gardens.

Written by the TreasureGuide for the exclusive use of

An area of low pressure just east of the upper Florida Keys has a 70 percent chance of developing into a tropical cyclone over the next five days, but models disagree on what it means for South Florida this weekend.
The system, which would be named Dorian if it gains tropical storm status, has a 40 percent chance of developing over the next 48 hours.
While heavy rain is expected from the would-be Dorian, National Weather Service meteorologists in Miami said Friday morning that “global weather models are all over the place and not in good agreement with how they handle this disturbance.”

Looks like the Atlantic is becoming more active.  We might actually get improved beach detecting conditions some day.

We're getting a small bump in the surf now. In the next couple of days we might get up to three feet - which still isn't that much.

If you check your clad finds sometimes you'll find some interesting things.  Here is a 2016 clad quarter.

2016 P Quarter Showing Strike Through.
Here is a closer view of the strike-through.

Strike-Through on 2016 Quarter.

This has been identified as a strike-through, which is when debris is on the planchet when the die hits it to impress the image.


Conducting an air test or using a test garden is very different from metal detecting in the field.  When you conduct an air test, you start with a known target and do whatever is needed to get the best signal from the metal detector.  That is the opposite of what happens in the field.  In the field, instead of bringing a target to the detector and presenting it in the best way possible, you cover large areas of ground not knowing if there is a target or where in that acreage a target might be hiding.  In that situation, your behavior is very different.  You scan large areas - probably very quickly.  Your sweep pattern, including speed and height and other factors come into play, as well as various sources of noise, ranging from wind, surf, other people, tinnitus, electrical and radio interference, and ground mineralization to junk.  An air test has very little in common with actual metal detecting.  It is, however, a good starting place for learning about your metal detector.

A test garden is in a specific location.  The detector doesn't have to adjust to changing salt mineralization or any kind of changing ground mineralization, not to mention the fact that and you know where the targets are and what they are.  

I can't stress enough the huge effect of having a known target in a specific location, as compared to not knowing if there are any good targets, or where it might be in an expansive area, and not knowing what kind of target it might be if there is one.  To make that even more complex throw in an unknown quantity of randomly scattered junk targets of various types.

One of the early goals of psychologists was to measure the sensitivity of our sensory systems. They found that factors other than the sensitivity of sense receptors influence whether a stimulus is detected or not.  There is no single fixed level below which a person never detects a stimulus and above which a person will always detect it. Other factors are involved.

This approach [signal detection theory] abandons the idea of a threshold. Instead, the theory involves treating detection of the stimulus as a decision-making process, part of which is determined by the nature of the stimulus, by how sensitive a person is to the stimulus, AND by cognitive factors...  when a person is quite uncertain as to whether the stimulus was present, the individual will decide based on what kind of mistake in judgment is worse: to say that no stimulus was present when there actually was one or to say that there was a stimulus when, in reality, there was none.

To sum that up, detection of a signal is not only determined by the sensory system but also affected by decision strategies (cognitive/thought processes).  Sensory thresholds vary depending upon decision strategies and the value of targets and risk of mistakes.  Thresholds are also affected by expectations.  What weight do you put on the possibility of missing a good target versus digging junk?  Are you excited and expecting to find something big or getting worn out and tired of digging junk.  Those kinds of things can affect your focus, attention and perceptions as well as other behaviors.

An example from everyday life illustrates this point. Suppose a person is expecting an important visitor, someone that it would be unfortunate to miss. As time goes on, the person begins to "hear" the visitor and may open the door, only to find that nobody is there. This person is "detecting" a stimulus, or signal, that is not there because it would be worse to miss the person than to check to see if the individual is there, only to find that the visitor has not yet arrived. 

Signal detection theory was developed during World War II when radar was invented.  They wanted to study how operators could detect planes on the radar scope also showing other return (noise).

The effect of knowing where a target is and working backward to see if you can detect it is very different and results in very different results than you would get not knowing if there is any target at all.  In a test bed, that can be somewhat minimized by closing your eyes and truing to detect as if you had no idea where the targets were.

Unfortunately there is no perfect way to compare metal detectors.  They have so many different settings and there are so many variables in how they are used.  A large part of success is determined by how you use the detector rather than its capabilities.    Air tests and test beds definitely have theie place, but the limitations should be recognized too.


Happy hunting,

Thursday, August 22, 2019

8/22/19 Report - One Nice Find. Ultimate Test Bed. Mystery Object Definitely Identified. Florida Beaches and A Wave.

Written by the TreasureGuide for the exclusive use of

Gold Nugget Detected by Richard W.
Photo by Richard W.

Richard W. said, Since you’re doing some testing with the Equinox I thought you might enjoy looking at this small gold nugget I found last week on a mountain in Colorado with my Equinox 800. For size comparison I placed it on my watch for the photo. It really has some detail. I used factory settings, Gold 1 and sensitivity at 22. It rang up at 2 to 4 on target display. Hope to make it again next year to Wabasso for another hunt up and down the coast from there.

Richard W.
Woodland Park, Colorado

Thanks Richard.  Congratulations on a nice find!


Here are some tips from Sebastian Steve.

…  I built this first rate "Test Bed" a couple years ago, to finally have an accurate place to test and tune metal detectors.  

Simple rows of holes 4' between each row and each hole.  It is IMPERATIVE to clean out each and every metal target in the entire test bed area before even beginning.  The last thing you need is a big nail at 6" helping your dime reading, or giving you a funky double header!  Go over the ground again and again, I had 87 pieces of small metal, mostly rusted nails, but some non ferrous as well (tin clippings from the soffits, etc.)  

Holes are accurately dug as each plug was dug with a post hole digger, then a paint stick laid over the center of the top of the hole, with a tape measure going straight down the middle. Very accurate depth determination.  Then the soil at the bottom is packed and depth re-verified.  Only then is a 6" plastic disc (cut from old tupperware or the like that lunch meat comes in) laid carefully flat in the bottom.  The coin is then placed on this.  Depth now finalized... within 1/4" but always to the deeper side it not spot on.  Now we know that with the plastic disc, that the coin will 1. no longer work down deeper, and 2., the coin will not tilt.  Tilt was my main concern.  The hole is carefully filled and packed solid.  Be prepared to have some extra dirt to pack each hole fill and tight.  Then only rain and time will be needed for that all natural feel.  Granted...coins will react will and influence the soil around them, but my system gives good exposure to the surrounding soil/sands.

I have holes for an 8" and a 10" penny, same nickel, same dime, quarter is 8", 10", 12", and 14,"  These are all clad.  Anything less than 8" deep is not worth the challenge in the "Test Bed."  Then I have a 8" silver dime, and a 8" and 10" deep lead Minie'Balls.  For kicks...a brass house key at 8"  I planted a Civil War 10 pound projectile at 3.5 ft., right before heading north this summer.  This allowed me to practice on these types of deep, large targets as well.  (Note:  This was the ONLY target the Minelab Equinox with the 6" coil could NOT detect).  

___A well constructed and accurate "Test Bed" is an invaluable asset if you are serious about detecting.___  Allowing you to really know how your machine reacts to different depths and targets.  So many different ways to tune a machine.  Which is best, which combination?   What does the rain really do?  So many errors and malfunctions that a quick run past the "Test Bed" will quickly expose before heading out.  For example a failing coil or weak batteries, or corroded connector, or not tight, that may still "look" good on the meter.

The most alarming but MOST VALUABLE experiment you will learn, is that most any metal detector when subjected to a very deep coin, even silver, will read as if the coin were -rusty iron-.  Can you say GRUNT?  Every time, time and again.  That is one of the main issues I want to explore with a new or different machine.  A proper "Test Bed" will soon humble even the most experienced detectorist...just as soon as you see a silver quarter grunt like some old rusty metal when over a foot deep!  It is heartbreaking when you think..."Oh my Gosh... I wonder how many, a hundred or more signals like this, I --WALKED RIGHT ON PAST--.  Makes you think and slow down.  (:

Good Hunting,

Sebastian Steve

Thanks Steve!


John E.'s mystery object is now nailed down.  Mitch K. and Steve M. found the item on the internet for sale.  Here it is.

  • It is a 4 way battery post and terminal cleaner. It is a durable aluminum alloy construction, hardened and tempered springs steel post cleaners
  • 4 Way Battery Post Cleaner is designed to give leverage when cleaning battery Post and Terminals.
  • Help to removes heavy stubborn corrosion build-up on battery posts and terminals for improved electrical contact.
  • Designed to give leverage when cleaning battery post and terminals

Thanks guys!


Here is a little news from Brian M. on beach conditions north of the Treasure Coast.

I detect Daytona area and we are sanded in bad.  About 4 or 5 weeks ago we had about 4 or 5 feet of sand pile on the beach..

... the last few weeks have been real hard to find much of anything.  I went yesterday and detected a large grid in front of a nice hotel. Spent four hours hunting . I did almost the whole  hotel beach area and found two pull tabs and two bottle caps. I was thinking that maybe below the Cape may not be as sanded in . (due to the north flow.)  I have been as far north as Flagler Beach and it’s the same. We need some big surf.

Thanks for sharing Brain.  It has been a long summer of poor beach conditions.


From the

1. A trough of low pressure located over the central and northwestern
Bahamas is producing disorganized showers and thunderstorms.  Some
slow development is possible by this weekend or early next week
while the system moves northwestward toward the Florida peninsula at
5 to 10 mph and then turns northeastward off the southeastern coast
of the United States.
* Formation chance through 48 hours...low...near 0 percent.
* Formation chance through 5 days...low...20 percent.
Happy hunting,

Wednesday, August 21, 2019

8/21/19 Report - New Salvage Finds Down South. Coins Found At Eroding Site. Metal Detector Testing and Noise Adjustments. Storm Scene.

Written by the TreasureGuide for the exclusive use of

Silver Ewer Spout Find.

What do you think the object shown above is?  I'll tell you below.

Down south the crews of the Dare and Magruder recently found silver coins musket balls, pottery shards, a barrel hoop, and a possible carpenter's file.  

They also found an ewer spout very much like one shown above.  I know that the single view didn't give you much of a chance of figuring it out.  Multiple views are always helpful.

The spout shown above was found on the Atocha site years ago and is pictured in the melfisherartifacts database.   Entire silver ewers have also been found with the same kind of spout attached so there is no question of what it is.


I got a few responses on John E's mystery object that I posted yesterday.

Joe D. looks like an aluminum sprinkler repair tool!

And Susan E. Plumber's multi-tool.

Steve M . says That is definitely an automotive battery connection cleaner.  I have seen those in the 70s but could still be in use today.   They cleaned the lead clamp inside and the lead post outside.

I think John will be able to decide which of those it is.

Thanks to all of you for the help.

An archaeological site being eroded by the sea revealed Roman coins and pottery.

"The main problem is that everything is under a metre of sand and we're wondering if it blew in in the big storm in 1330 - so it looks like it's been buried for a long time and it's superbly preserved."

Archaeologists' initial estimations think the Roman pottery could be from around 200 to 300AD while the fort is thought to be from the Iron Age, which dates from around 800BC to 43AD.

"That's not to say Romans occupied the site but perhaps a tribe lived there that traded with the Romans," said Dan Amor, of the Gwynedd Archaeological Trust...

Here is the link for more about that.

  1. Luke 3:5 5Every valley shall be filled in, every mountain and hill made low...
--- Yesterday I described some air tests I did. It seems I can't do that without repeating the limitations of an air test, and the importance of not making too much out of the results. You have to start somewhere, and an air test is a convenient starting place when you are just starting to become familiar with a metal detector.  You can form some initial theories to be tested more effectively at a later time, but an air test will not tell you what you will get in the field with real targets. An air test is an OK starting place, but that is about it. If you want to compare metal detectors, the best way is to take those detectors out to the area you want to detect and compare signals on UNDUG targets. Don't dig the targets until after you have thoroughly explored the signals and all of the adjustments you might be interested in. It is important that the targets remain undisturbed in the naturally settled sand or earth to get a good test. If you are interested in the wet sand area, compare the performance of your detectors there. If you are interested in submerged areas, test there. Or dry sand, test there. Test in the same type of area you want to detect. Testing in dry sand for detecting in wet sand will give you very misleading results, but it will help you learn a bit about your new detector before venturing into the wet sand. Also, when conducting a test, you should sweep as you would naturally sweep when hunting. Since I conducted the air test in an area with a considerable amount of electrical interference, I wanted to make a few comments about that. The Ace 250 isn't bothered too much by electrical interference (much less than some metal detectors) but when you need to, you can turn down the sensitivity. The Ace 250 does not have other additional options for dealing with that. The Equinox has a frequency check function to find the best frequency for you. Besides that, you have several choices that you can manually select. You can choose multi-frequency or other specific frequencies. I found that both 5kz and 10kz worked well when I needed to adjust. Sometimes multi-frequency works well, but if you are getting a lot of noise, you can easily change frequencies. You can just cycle through the various frequencies and use the one that seems to work well. From my limited experience, I've been impressed by several things about the Equinox. I didn't expect the display to be as clear and easy to read. Also, for the variety of features that are available, the options are easy to understand and use. The human interface was well designed. Eventually I'll get around to testing it in the field on real targets. That is what really counts. ---
Way to the north is Tropical Storm Chantal, and on the other side of the Bahamas is another system that could form. I'll keep an eye on that one. Happy hunting,

Tuesday, August 20, 2019

8/20/19 Report - Air Test Metal Detector Comparison. Mystery Object. Ghost Town Dig.

Written by the TreasureGuide for the exclusive use of

I am going to be doing some metal detector tests on the Equinox and a few other metal detectors.

Today I did an air test comparing the Equinox with the Garrett Ace 250.

I've posted in detail about air tests and their limitations, so I won't do that at length here.  I must however remind you that what is really important is how a metal detector will function in various environments on targets in the ground.  I also have to remind you that a poor detector used well is better than a good detector used poorly.  In other words, you have to know how to use it well in the field.

Both metal detectors I used today have a variety of functions and settings.  The Equinox has more options, some of them I find very useful.  

This test was done in an environment with a good number of sources of electrical interference.  I've found that the Equinox sometimes does better in this environment with a change in frequencies.   The 250 does not have that option but does relatively well in this environment with the default settings.  I suspect I could have gotten better performance from the Equinox by changing frequencies or perhaps modifying some of the other settings.

What I used was the All-Metals mode with maximum sensitivity on the 250, and Multi-frequency, Field 1 mode on the Equinox.    No other adjustments were made.

The test targets in this case were a (1) a zinc penny, (2) a nickel, (3) clad dime (4) mercury dime, (5) clad quarter, and (6) silver quarter.

                                 Ace 250              Equinox
                                inches                 inches
Penny                        6,5                      7
Nickel                       7                         7
Clad Dime                5.5                      6
Silver Dime              6                         6
Clad Quarter             7                         7
Silver Quarter          6.5                       7

My measurements are approximate.

Near maximum distance the Equinox signal was somewhat variable.  I don't know how to describe it, but I'd say it wasn't as solid or certain.  I was conservative with my distances.

You might expect more of a difference between the two detectors given the price disparity, however once again I have to say that air tests aren't terribly meaningful.  Even though I've had very little time on the Equinox, I have come to appreciate some of the additional features and suspect it will easily outperform the Ace in wet sand.  I also suspect the Equinox would have done better if I took time to tweek the settings, but for this first comparison I wanted to go with the most basic default settings.

The Ace has a simple ID meter and the Equinox provides a conductivity readout.  Here are those readings.

                                 Ace 250              Equinox
                                    ID                Conductivity
Penny                       penny                      22
Nickel                      nickel                      13
Clad Dime               dime                        25
Silver Dime             dime                      25-26
Clad Quarter            quarter                     30
Silver Quarter          quarter                     29

The silver coins read a little lower than the same denomination clad coins.

The 13 conductivity of the nickel is like the small square pulltabs.

Conductivity readings tend to jump around a little.

I'll do more sophisticated and meaningful tests in the future and use some other metal detectors and other test targets, such as gold and artifacts.

Here a couple links for a post on air tests.

I've mentioned before that you should use test targets like the kinds of objects that you'd most like to find.  If you want to find gold rings, use gold ring test targets, for example.


John E. found this object and wondered what it is.  I think somebody will get this one pretty quick.

It is 4 by 5.5 inches.

Mystery Object
Photo by John E.

A ghost town dig revealed hundreds of prehistoric artifacts.

Here is that link.


Maybe we'll get some new photos of Treasure Coast shipwreck salvage finds soon.

There are still no storms forming that might impact us.

Happy hunting,

Monday, August 19, 2019

8/19/19 Report - Metal Detecting for Watches and Detector Responses. A Scouting Tool. Memorable Metal Detecting Moments.

Written by the TreasureGuide for the exclusive use of

Man's Watch on Ground

An expensive watch can sound like a piece of junk.  No ID meter is going to tell you when you are detecting a watch, but if you are digging everything, or if you are discriminating but know how a watch is likely to sound, you will still find a fair share of watches.

In the above photo you see a watch. That shows one way a watch can be positioned.  The face and band are standing on edge. Watches can also be positioned so the face of the watch is facing up or down with the band lying flat on the ground.  (See example below.)

Watches are usually made of a variety of materials.  Even if the casing is gold or silver, part of the watch and band will be made of other materials.  That means that you can get some confusing signals.  Not only that, but if you swing your coil over it in different directions you will get different sounding signals and different conductivity ratings.

If you swing left and right over the above watch,  the Equinox will give conductivity ratings of 13 to 16, but if you swing north to south, you will get higher readings - something like 18 - 22.

Your readings won't be consistent, but will depend to some extent upon exactly where the watch is positioned under the coil.

Watches will often give two or more tones because of all the different parts and materials used in the watch.

Watch Lying Flat.
This watch, which is a different than the one at the top of the post, is lying flat on the ground.  The signal will be primarily determined by the casing and face of the watch, but also the band.  This watch, produced a much more complex signal than the watch above.  This one jumped around all over the place between -1 and 35.

Although there are so many kinds of watches and the signals can be very complex and varied, it is still good have an idea of what they might sound like,  You can learn what to expect by experimenting with a variety of watches.

I previously posted three YouTube videos that illustrate the effect of the position of a watch and the sweep direction of the coil on the detector signal you get from a watch.

Here are those links.

I've found a lot of watches in shell-filled dips right in front of the beach.


Its amazing what is online.  If you want to scout around a little without actually going anywhere, you might try Google Maps street-view.  It is almost like you are there.

Entrance to White City Park as Seen Using Street View on Google Maps.

As you drive down the road using street view you might want to look around for construction areas, like that being done on Midway Road through White City.   I've posted many stories in this blog about old things being exposed by construction projects.

The views you see on street view will be somewhat out of date, but still you might get some good leads.  The construction in this area has been going on for years, so things might be different now, but they are still turning earth.


We hear so much these days about the massive amount of data being kept on private individuals by both internet companies and the government, but how about your scholastic "permanent record?"

Decades ago when I was in elementary and high school (we didn't have kindergarten or middle school in our rural area), whenever you did something bad enough to warrant it, your teacher or school principal might threatened that IT (whatever it was) could go on your "permanent record."  My wife remembers it too, so it wasn't just a local thing.  I've heard it joked about on TV sitcoms too, so it must have been near universal.

It sounded really ominous when it was referred to by authority figures that were twice your size and as much as 35 or 40 years old.  I don't know where those "permanent records" were kept, but at the time your permanent records sounded just a little less important than the Book of Life.  It sounded like it could determine the rest of your life somehow.  Now I know it was a fake.

Only a few people in the world now know if I even went to first grade, and nobody knows or cares what graduate degrees I completed. That is one of the things about being retired - what you thought was so important and spent so many years on becomes irrelevant.  After spending years of time and lots of money, the degrees did help me get jobs, but now there are only about two people in the world that actually knows anything about that. Time flies and things change.

Despite the sham of the mythical permanent record, there are records that last.  For example, there is your ancestral record encoded in your DNA.

But each and everyone of us keeps a record of our own.  It might be selective and spotty, but it is there.  Some long lasting memories seem to have been indelibly imprinted on our brains.  There are successes, embarrassments, sports moments, and things that someone said that you seem to never forget.  Some of those are metal detecting experiences.

I remember some finds very clearly even though they occurred many years ago.  I remember the location, what the weather was like, etc., etc.  Many of those memories are of what I call first finds.

I remember, for example, the first Rolex watch I found, even though it was drowned.  I also remember the last Rolex I found, but that wasn't so long ago.

I remember the first shipwreck silver I found on a Treasure Coast beach.  I told about that one in this blog before.  It was at John Brooks beach.   It was almost in front of the beach walkover, but a little to the right.  My wife took it out of my scoop, looked at it and was in the process of giving it a toss, when I stopped her.   It was flat and black, and I didn't know for sure it was silver until I got back home and tested it.  But I remember it all very well.

I remember the first silver ring I found, but strangely not the first gold ring.  That silver ring was found on Hollywood beach down near the water in the evening.  My parents were there and I was showing them my new detector.  They were surprised when I came back with the ring in hand.  Their reaction of surprise probably made it more memorable.

I remember one large solitary multi-carat diamond ring find very well.  I was in the water.  The sky was cloudless and blue and the water was crystal clear that day.  I saw the ring sparkle when the sand slid off of it while it was still in the scoop just a few inches off the bottom.  I saw it sparkle through a two or three feet of water.

Those are just a few examples.  Some of my favorite metal detecting memories weren't finds.  They were just beautiful sights.

One of those occurred came just off Fort Lauderdale Beach in and about thee feet of water.  One day I was metal detecting in the water when it started raining.  The water was flat and the rain surrounded me like a shower curtain of rain surrounding me.  I could only see a few feet in every direction.  It seemed like I was alone in the world.  It was eerily quiet and stunningly beautiful.

That is one of the benefits of metal detecting.  You can accumulate an album full memorable moments that can last for decades.


I'm going to start harping on including some indication of the size of finds submitted for identification.  It is so important.  Often just a coin for comparison or the object shown in hand will do, but the more information you provide, the better chance you will have of getting an answer.

It looks like another week of one foot surf is predicted for the Treasure Coast.

Nothing that will affect us is on the National Hurricane Center map.

Happy hunting,

Saturday, August 17, 2019

8/17/19 Report - Hurricane Season. Finds for Identification. Book on Artifact Identification: The Jesus Tomb.

Written by the TreasureGuide for the exclusive use of

Hurricane season runs from June 1 to the end of November. But the next six weeks -- “the season within a season” -- is regularly the most dangerous and active time for storms to develop in the Atlantic, said Dennis Feltgen, spokesman for the National Hurricane Center in Miami.
Only two named storms have developed in the Atlantic so far this year. Dry, dusty air from Africa’s Sahara robbed potential storms of moisture, and wind shear spurred by the El Nino climate systems ripped apart budding storms. Now, those brakes on hurricane development are gone...
Here is the link for more about that.


As of today the National Hurricane Center map is only showing one poorly organized system up by South Carolina.  It probably won't affect us.


Facebook has just become the latest big tech firm to confirm that external contractors are listening to audio of users’ private conversations. According to a  Bloomberg report, Facebook has hired the contractors to listen in to users taking advantage of the audio to text functionality in its Messenger service...

For more about that:


Jerry P. is satisfied that we identified his find, mentioning specifically the eBay items.  He said thanks to everyone.   He had been working on the boat all week but sent the following additional photos.  I'm going to post a couple of them, even though it is a little late, because they are excellent examples for others.

Notice the (1) different views or angles, (2) a ruler for dimensions and (3) a coin for comparison.



wanted something to read last last night and found a 384-page book by Rene A. Lopez on my shelf having the title The Jesus Family Tomb Examined..  It is about a tomb in Jerusalem containing several ossuaries, one of which was supposedly labeled "Jesus son of Joseph." which, despite the fact that Jesus and Joseph were very common names, was presented as the tomb of the Savior and his family.  The book thoroughly examines the claims made by books and TV documentaries and addresses each argument and the evidence.  The book will be interesting to anyone interested in Christianity or the process of examining and interpreting artifacts.  It also exposes how books and TV programs sensationalize things and promote falsehoods.

A couple sections that I found particularly interesting is the topic of patina and how an objects patina can record the environment.  Mention was made of the Statue of Liberty and how you can see a record of the pollutants of New York on its surface.  Of course, it has been cleaned, so some of that was wiped away.

Another section I found particularly interesting was on the difficult to read inscriptions on the ossuaries, which were not only obscured and confused to some extent by scratches but also how the writing could have been overwritten when the ossuary was reused.


Kerri K. found the following object on Playalinda Beach and wondered what it is.

Photos of unidentified object submitted by Kerri K.

Looks like a fossil turtle scute to me.

Where there is one there is probably more.


Happy hunting,