Tuesday, June 30, 2015

6/30/15 Report - Sea Groins: A Hint For Low Erosion Times. Space Debris. Degaussing. Ivory Finds.

Written by the TreasureGuide for the exclusive use of treasurebeachesreport.blogspot.com.

High Carat Gold Ring Groin Find.

Yesterday I mentioned a couple things from an excellent study that looked at erosion of Florida's beaches beginning with 1883 and ending 2011.  I thought I'd take the time today to emphasize and elaborate on one small part of that study.  Here it is.

Dewall and Richter (1977) reported that seasonal beach changes are on the order of two to three times the magnitude of the yearly trend at Jupiter, Boca Raton, and Hollywood beaches at Florida’s SE coast. The storm surge during Hurricane Ivan 2004 was 2.5 m with significant wave heights greater than 12 m at Panama City beaches, Florida west coast. This event caused a landward migration of 16 m, and the shoreline recovered 10 m in a 20-d period following the storm (Robertson, Keqi, and Whitman, 2007).

To put that another way, the seasonal changes that occur to those beaches are two to three times larger than the changes that normally occur at the same beaches from one year to another.  It can look like there is a lot of erosion, but much of it will be seasonal or temporary and reversed in short order.

The example of Panama City shows that a hurricane can cause as much as 16 meters of erosion, but in this case, it only took twenty days to reverse more than half (10 m) of that erosion.

They also mention that there will be even larger variations in the shoreline where there are obstacles to the natural flow of sand, such as inlets, groins, etc.

There is a good hint that you might catch if you think about it.  When beach conditions are poor, there is always a chance of catching some small but beneficial erosion near an obstructions even at times when you will find very little or no erosion elsewhere.  Between obstructions such as groins, the sand will pile up in one corner and then when the waves change direction, pile up in the other corner.  You can take advantage of areas like that and work areas like that when no other areas are eroding.  That can be especially effective in areas where there are a lot of people and therefore a a good number of recent drops.  The increased movement in sand may be smaller than you would like to see but still be enough to make it possible to find items that were lost slightly longer ago than you could find if there were no movement of sand.  Instead of uncovering old items, this smaller and more frequent movement of sand can uncover items that were buried just weeks or even days ago.

I spent a lot of time working old sea groins in the past.  A lot of good finds, including the unmarked 22K gold ring shown above, came from working between sea groins and other structures.  Other obstructions to the flow of sand work about the same as groins.

Here is the link to the study that I was talking about.


And here is the link to the site providing the groin illustration.



An unmanned SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket bound for the International Space Station exploded a couple of minutes after liftoff Sunday morning. It was the third cargo mission to the space station to be lost in recent months.

I heard on the TV they were telling people not to pick up any debris from that if they saw it.  Seems are space program is not what it once was.  We've talked a good bit about space debris being found on beaches in the past and even how to test titanium.

Here is the link to the story about the recent rocket failure.



Talking about the news, last week I kept hearing the word "degaussing" in relation to the IRS erasing the subpoenaed emails of Lois Lerner.  I don't know how Hillary erased or destroyed hers.

Anyhow, degaussing is a word that is very relevant to both nautical history and computer history.

Here is what wikipedia says about degaussing.    Degaussing is the process of decreasing or eliminating a remnant magnetic field. It is named after the gauss, a unit of magnetism, which in turn was named after Carl Friedrich Gauss.  Due to magnetic hysteresis, it is generally not possible to reduce a magnetic field completely to zero, so degaussing typically induces a very small "known" field referred to as bias. Degaussing was originally applied to reduce ships' magnetic signatures during the Second World War.  Degaussing is also used to reduce magnetic fields in CRT monitors and to destroy data held on magnetic data storage.

Here is how it was done in World War II - again according to wikipedia.

The term was first used by then Commander Charles F. Goodeve,RCNVR, during World War II, while trying to counter the German magnetic mines that were playing havoc with the British fleet. The mines detected the increase in magnetic field when the steel in a ship concentrated the Earth's magnetic field over it. Admiralty scientists, including Goodeve, developed a number of systems to induce a small "N-pole up" field into the ship to offset this effect, meaning that the net field was the same as background...

The original method of degaussing was to install electromagnetic coils into the ships, known simply as coiling. In addition to being able to bias the ship continually, coiling also allowed the bias field to be reversed in the southern hemisphere, where the mines were set to detect "S-pole down" fields. British ships, notably cruisers and battleships were well protected by about 1943.

My dad worked on a minesweeper in WW II, but it had a wood hull.

At one time in the early days of personal computing much of the data was stored on tapes that were very much like the audio tapes used on tape decks.  Tapes and also computer discs were erased using degaussers.

Here is a vintage deguasser purchased from Radio Shack with original box.  I would guess that would be a collectible now.

Vintage Magnetic Tape Eraser

Original Box.
I was in on a lot of computing history.  As far as I know I  actually wrote the first computer program to announce "You've got mail."  Actually it said "You have pnotes."  At that time we called email pnotes, which stood for "personal notes," which were exchanged between individuals.  Before that you had to go see if you had new emails.  The program that I wrote watched for new incoming emails and announced their arrival.  Forums were called gnotes, which stood for "group notes."  We worked on international mainframe networks before the internet.  Just an aside on one of those things I did in an anonymous way.


If you find any ivory, such as the ivory higa that I once showed, you should be aware that they are very strict about selling ivory.  Here is something about that from a recent KovelsKomments.

A ton of elephant ivory was crushed in New York City’s Times Square on June 19, 2015. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service co-hosted the event with other conservation groups. Carvings, tusks, jewelry and more were sent into a rock crushing machine to be turned into dust. Much of the ivory came from the shop of an antiques dealer, who was sentenced to 30 months in jail and fined $150,000 for selling poached ivory. Other ivory crushes were held in Denver in 2013, and China this past May. Ivory laws have been passed in many states, but there is concern about antique ivory works of art caught up in the new laws. The law that makes it illegal to import new ivory was passed in 1989. Now some states’ rules confuse or stop sales of things like pianos with ivory keys, vintage ivory jewelry and figurines, even mahjong tiles. Art and antiques dealers want existing laws to apply only to ivory from elephants killed since 1989 so ivory works of art can be saved and displayed in museums.


I have a lot of new stuff in mind to post.  I won't start that now though.  

I'm so tired of reporting no change in beach detecting conditions, but that is what it is.

Happy hunting,

Monday, June 29, 2015

6/29/15 Report - Capitana Working In Close. Thoughts On The Round Mystery Object. Shipwreck Scour.

Capitana Over Hole Near Shore.
Photo by Captain Jonah Martinez

Here is what Captain Jonah said,  We are back further than anyone has got before, we back the boat into 2.6 feet of water blow a hole so we can float then move back another 12 ft and start moving side to side... 
I remember Mo Molinar, on the Virgalona, I think it was, down at Douglass beach backed up close to the beach.  That was back some time in the eighties, about thirty years ago.   Bob Luyendyk was diving on the Virgalona then.

It is hard to know where the beach was back when the shipwreck occurred.  During or immediately after the hurricane it could have been pretty far back.

Even if it wasn't, there have been numerous hurricanes since that time and the beach could have been eroded far back during any of those going back hundreds of years.

Despite all you hear about rising sea levels, beach erosion and the disappearing beaches one good study published in 2011 shows mostly increasing or building beaches along the coastline of Florida from 1970 to 2011, evidently due at least in part to the large number of renourishment programs.  There were more decreasing beaches in the period from 1883 to 1970, although many large sections were increasing or remained stable during that period.

Here is the link.


The natural beaches back years were decreasing more than in more recent periods, but not as much as I would have expected from all the hyped up news.  Actually if you look at the trends, the areas you would expect to erode were eroding, such as the north side of Cape Canaveral, and other areas, nearly as many, were increasing, and many areas have been stable.

You have that North to South long shore current and sand transport along the East Coast of Florida, which explains most of what you see as erosion and accretion.  The long shore current takes sand away from one place and drops it at another pretty much as you would expect.


Round Mystery Object
Photo by Richard O.

William M., of GoldNugget's round mystery object, said, A photo of the other side would definitely help but from just this one view I believe it is a horse bridle rosette.

Thanks William.  I think that is a good possibility.

Alberto S. focused in on the cross and rays on the object and sent the picture below showing similar religious symbolism.

Good observation Alberto.

As a result of Alberto's observation, I then asked Laura Strolia what she thought of the decoration. Laura is the researcher and author who wrote on the gold Pelican of Piety artifact and authored The Marigalera of the 1715 Fleet book.

Picture Submitted by Alberto S.
Here is what she said.   believe the artifact is a pocket token, a metal coin with images and words that reflect one’s faith.  Your picture shows a “Glory Cross,” meaning it is a cross adorned with shining light like the sun.  Many rays emanate from the circular light shown on your artifact. The symbolic image helps Christians to think about Christ’s Crucifixion and His Resurrection through the light.

It has crossed my mind the opposite side was of Our Lady of Fatima, one of the most famous stories related to a sun miracle. This is one of my favorite miracles, actually in essence, two. 
In Portugal, 1917, Mother Mary appeared to three children and gave them messages. To prove her messages were sent by God, the Virgin Mary allowed 70,000 people to witness the sun spin and fall from the sky.

Fast forward to 1945, Hiroshima, when the atomic blast filled the sky with a bright light similar to the sun.  Eight Jesuit priests, living less than a mile away from the explosion, miraculously survived when over 50,000 people died almost instantly.  For miles, ashes were seen, except for the standing building the Jesuits lived in. The priests did not suffer from any radiation sickness, or injuries, and lived on healthy for many years. Why did they survive?  Their answer was that they were living the Message of Fatima, turning to God instead of sin.  The bomb of Hiroshima happened on August 6, the Feast Day of Christ’s Transfiguration.  In Book Matthew 17:2 it reads, “His face shone like the sun, and his clothes became as white as the light.”

Please let me know if anything shows up more on the artifact after cleaning.

Laura Strolia

Laura always has some great information to add.  Thanks Laura.

Unfortunately it is more difficult to identify an item from a picture than real life.  In real life you can inspect various views, you know the size and thickness, you can inspect the item for the smallest signs or clues, and you can analyze any patina or wear.  That is not so easy from a picture.

This mystery item shows a lot of corrosion to the front and appears to me to be pretty old.
For now, I'm leaning with William on the rosette, but also think the Glory Cross, pointed to by Alberto and identified by Laura, might be very significant.

Thanks all!


Shipwreck scour is something that affects the bottom sediments around shipwreck sites.  It can often be identified by remote sensing.

Just like any object where there are currents, a shipwreck and associated artifacts will affect the flow of sand creating signature shadows which can also be seen as patterns in the sediment.

This is a good study that provides some useful hints.  The title is  The role of scour in shipwreck site formation processes and the preservation of wreck-associated scour signatures in the sedimentary record - evidence from seabed and sub-surface data.

Here is the link.



I'll pick up with more beach analysis in the near future.


Expect another week or two of exactly the same beach detecting conditions along the Treasure Coast.

Happy hunting,

Sunday, June 28, 2015

6/28/15 Report - Trigger Points, Drop Points, Water Velocity and How Things Move And Get Sorted On A Beach.

Written by the TreasureGuide for the exclusive use of treasurebeachesreport.blogspot.com.

There is a lot of information available on waves and coastal erosion.  What I do is start with that information and add my own observations and experimentation.  The academic literature is very good but it doesn't cover everything that a detectorist might want to know.

I could give you simple hints and suggestions such as to check dips below cuts, and that might would be good advice, but it won't help you nearly as much as knowing the principles of how beaches work. Situations differ, but if you know the important principles you'll be able to analyze any beach you look at and have a good idea if the beach is improving, and it will also tell you where to detect.  There is a lot to it, and it isn't simple, but if you continue adding to your knowledge base, you'll get it.  I keep learning more and more and understanding more and more.  Keep in mind the principles that you pick up and try to observe and test them in the field.

I'll try to put it in a way that I think is most understandable and applicable to a detectorist.  I'll add a little at a time, repeating some things and slowly adding a little new material to it.

As you would suspect, it takes more water velocity to move larger particles and larger items.  The relationship in "laminar" currents is pretty much a straight line when you are talking about items having the same densities and the same shape.

While particles will be transported by water moving at a given velocity, it takes more velocity to dislodge settled particles (and other objects) than it takes to keep them moving once they are suspended.

The velocity required to dislodge particles and get them moving is what I have often referred to as the "trigger point."  That isn't the scientific term.  It is just the term I use.  If we were to include that on a graph like the one above, there would be a line to the right of the red line, and it would not be a straight line because it takes more force to dislodge certain types of particles.

Clay is a good example.  It consists of very fine particles that transport very easily in water when suspended, but due to what I'll simply call the "stickiness" of clay, it takes a good bit more force to dislodge the particles and get them moving.

Different particles, in addition to having different trigger points, also have different "drop" points. When the water slows, there is a point at which the particle will drop out or settle.  The water has to be very calm before fine clay particles drop out, for example, while sand drops out while the water is moving a little more rapidly and pebbles will stop moving when the water is moving faster than that.

In this graph, the straight red line between the other two red lines shows the increasing velocity required to move larger particles and objects when a laminar current is assumed and other factors are not taken into account.  That line is very much like the graph above.

The curved red line to the right of the straight line shows that pebbles are moved with velocities of just less than 100 cm/s.  The same line curves to the left as particle size decreases because it requires less water velocity to move smaller particles such as sand.  It then curves back to the right again because it requires faster water to get silt and clay moving.

The curved red line to the right of the straight line on the graph shows it takes more water velocity to move clay than pebbles even though pebbles are much larger than particles of clay.

The most important thing to get from that is that objects such as sand, coins and rings and things have different trigger points and require different amounts of water force to get them moving.

There are times when you might have enough force to move sand but not coins.  Therefore, you might have erosion but not enough force to wash coins up onto the beach.  That would not be at all unusual.

The curved red line to the left of the straight line shows the decreased amount of force at which particles will drop out or settle.  Pebbles, for example, will continue to be moved until the flow slows to somewhere around 25 cm/s flow and will settle well before the water flow decreases to 10 cm/s.

Silt and clay, on the other hand, will remain suspended and continue to be transported as long as you have just a very little flow.

That is a good place to stop today.  Get that down and then I'll show you how it applies on a real beach to determine when there is erosion and when coins and things move and how they are deposited differently.  I'll add some additional factors.


Here is a good web site giving terminology and other good basic information about waves.


Knowing how a beach works is one of the most important things you can know for greater success with beach and shallow water metal detecting.


When you submit a photo of an object for ID, include some indication of size.  That can be something simple like a coin for comparison.  Also include a picture of both sides of the object.  You might think there is nothing to see on the other side, but some one who has not seen the item in person might benefit from seeing the other side even if there isn't much to see.  Maybe there is nothing to be seen there, but that is important too.  Sometimes there will be the tinniest of clues, a very small stub where something was attached, the slightest signs of usage, even corrosion, which by itself can tell something about the metal the item is made of.  Green corrosion is sometimes a sign that the object is cuprous, for example.  Even the shape is important.  An object might look flat on the back, but it might be just a touch convex or concave.  All of those are important clues.  I know it takes time.  I'm just saying, for the best chance for an ID, both size and pictures of both sides can make the difference.

An object that isn't easy to identify isn't easy to identify to start with, so any detail might help.


I've received some thoughts on the round mystery object I posted a couple of days ago.  I'll post that before long.


Has this been the longest period of smooth surf or what?  The Treasure Coast hasn't seen good beach detecting conditions for a very long time.

It has to happen.  I'm ready.

Happy hunting,

Saturday, June 27, 2015

6/27/15 Report - 8.5 Karat Diamond Found. Things You Need To Know. Beach Dynamics. How To Find Old Sites.

Written by the TreasureGuide for the exclusive use of treasurebeachesreport.blogspot.com.

Above is a great illustration.  It gives more information than it might first appear.  I saved it long ago and can't find the source again right now.

Anyhow, the bottom wave in the illustration shows something similar to what has been happening on the Treasure Coast lately with the calm surf.

I showed quiet a few photos showing the waves breaking in shallow water and rushing over the sand in the shallow water in front of the beach.  The main difference with what is happening on the Treasure Coast and what is shown in the illustration is that many places on the Treasure Coast have a very flat front sand bench instead of the rolling sand bottom shown in the bottom part of the illustration.  The waves are breaking out fifty or so yards and then washing in over the fairly flat sand in the shallow water.  In many places there is almost no sand bar.

Many of the front beaches on the Treasure Coast are nearly flat too, being just a little higher than the sand in the water.  That happens when the surf is calm and fine sand is being moved.  You'll note that those flat front-beaches seem firm since the grains are fine and settle compactly.

Looking at the top part of the illustration, to the left of the sand bar, the water is deep enough that the waves aren't breaking.  The wave breaks as it crosses the sand bar.  The crashing wave picks up particles and moves them in to be deposited on the beach front.  There is, however, and under tow as the water rushes back down the slope.

A certain amount of velocity is required to pick up particles and other items.  If the undertow is strong enough it will carry a lot of sand back down the slope and into the water.

In this illustration we have so far ignored various factors such as the angle of the wave, and also the different densities and shapes of objects, sand and otherwise.

The key thing to know about that is that different size particles, and different objects require a different amount of force to dislodge them and the different particles and different objects will also drop out of the current at different velocities.

In the past I've referred to the point at which an particular particle or object will start to move as the trigger point and the point at which it settles, as the drop point.

I'll pick up there in another post.  I don't want to try to do too much at once because the number of factors multiply and it becomes confusing and difficult to explain.  I'll try to stick to a small number of principles at a time, so if you get them down one by one as we go, you'll be able to put it all together as we proceed.

Another important thing to know is how sand bars move.  You'll get some idea of that from this illustration as well.   That is not so important if you are looking for very old items, but it is important if you are hunting items recently dropped by swimmers.   There are times when the sand bar will move in and times when it will move out.  Check the eroding side of any bar where people have been congregating.


A woman found an 8.5 karat diamond in Crater of Diamonds State Park.  

Park officials said Friday that the gem found by Bobbie Oskarson of Longmont, Colorado, is the fifth largest diamond found since the park was established in 1972...

Here is the link.


You can visit Crater of Diamonds State Park and for a small fee hunt for diamonds.  Maybe a good little vacation trip.


There is no better resource for finding good detecting sites than talking to an old timer who grew up in the area.  I was looking at a satellite view on Google Earth of the area where I grew up.  When I looked at that, I could see clear as day where two old barns were, where old trees were, and a nice spring house where the local farmer kept the milk cool in fresh spring water, a corn crib and other buildings that were no longer there.

There used to be a an old shed that was full of old embossed bottles back when I was a youngster.  I was attracted to those old bottles even then.  I could see the exact spot of three old bottle dumps even though there was no longer any sign of them.  Who knows how old they were when I was young?  They were old even back then.

One of the bottle dumps was on a hill over a creek.  We used to get bottles there, run up creek and throw them in, then run back down to where there was a rock outcropping on a cliff and sit there and shoot the bottles as they came by.  I wonder how many good old bottles got shot that way.

And I knew of even older stuff there.  The older generation told me about things that were before my time, like where the really old school house used to be and where they found arrow heads when planting potatoes when they were young.

When kids play around an area for years, it seems like the area gets permanently stamped in memory.  Not only do I know where things were, but I could walk to those precise spots like they were there today even though not a trace remains.  Most people today would have no idea that those things ever existed and if they did research them somehow, they wouldn't know them in such great detail.  I'll have to make a detecting trip there again someday and dig up some of the past that is most meaningful to me.


A couple Fort Pierce boys found a box of military medals in the trash.  They were dumped after a home burglary.  Leave to young boys to be out exploring.



The predictions are for another week of small surf on the Treasure Coast.  More of the same.  It will change some day.  Be ready.

Happy hunting,

Friday, June 26, 2015

6/26/15 Report - Mystery Find For ID. Other June 2015 Finds. Anheuser-Busch Sea Glass. Pet Burial Urn Find.

Written by the TreasureGuide for the exclusive use of treasurebeachesreport.blogspot.com.

June 2015 Finds by Richard O. AKA GoldNugget Including 1800s Buttons and Coins.
First off today, I'd like to thank the people who expressed their kind get well wishes.  The readers of this blog are quality people.  I really feel that when I get such kind emails from people that I have never met.

I haven't got the stitches out yet but made some adjustments to my detector's arm cuff and took some other precautions, so was able to detect.  It was a little more awkward than usual, but OK.

Thanks for your thoughts!  It makes a difference.


Concerning the email I receive, I get a lot of response to my posts on beach dynamics.  If you go back through this blog you'll see that I discuss that from time to time.  Some of that material comes from the literature on beach dynamics that I then take and apply to the subject of metal detecting, and some of it comes from my own experimentation and observations.

Richard O., also known as GoldNugget, sent the following email along with some pictures.

I got to read the Post from June 23 , 2015 about Beach Sand.  Nothing is more true on the light sand. Since I have  been submitting  some of my Monthly Beach Finds for about 2 years I notice a lot of the light sand hitting the top of the ( Flat ) Dunes where I detect ( Overwash ), Also if the waves move about 4 more inches it takes and moves the Small Button and Real (Reales) I find along with some of the Coins that have been buried for about 175 years. If someone can Identify the Item that is in the Red Circle it would be appreciated...

...I am trying to get a Better Date on the Budweiser Bottle, currently 1940-1950's,  It's Beach Glass found also this month of June.

Below is a closer view of the mystery object for ID.  You can get an idea of size by looking at the picture at the top of this post.

 Richard has done a good bit of research on this but hasn't been able to ID the object yet.  Any help on ID would be appreciated.

Mystery Object For ID.
Cross In Circle Surrounded By Rays.

Below are more find photos from Richard.

 Below is a picture of a piece of Budweiser sea glass that Richard wanted to date.

Source: anheuser-busch.com web site at right.

The piece of sea glass (above) shows one eagle wing behind the A and one in front like the post-1933 examples shown in the third row down.

The eagle also appears to have an open mouth more like the eagle in the 1940s - 1950s example.

I think that narrows it down pretty well.

The A & Eagle trademark is the most widely recognized symbol of Anheuser-Busch Companies, Inc. and Anheuser-Busch, Inc. First used on the company’s beer products in 1872, the symbol was not registered with U.S. Patent Office until 1877. The trademark (No. 4623) soon became widely recognized as a symbol of quality throughout the world.

According to the company’s statements at the time, the essential elements of the design were “…the capital letter A and the figure of an eagle standing on the American shield…” The original eagle had its wings folded back into the “A.” Around the turn of the century, one or both of the eagle’s wings were spread outside of the “A” in an uplifted, flying motion. In 1939, the Union shield of stars and stripes was replaced with a horizontal striped shield...

Here is the link for more from that web site.


Great finds Richard.  Congratulations!

I like old sea glass with names and logos.  I'll show some more of those in the future.


Pet Burial Urn
Find and photo by Mitch King.

Mitch King identified the "heart art" object I posted yesterday as a pet burial urn.  Here is a photo he sent showing one that he found.

Thanks much Mitch.

The one I showed yesterday isn't quite that big, but they seem to come in a variety of sizes.  If you search the internet you'll find a variety of pictures of pet urns in various sizes, many are in the shape of small hearts.  One I saw on the internet also had a black bag like the bag I showed yesterday.

Surprising to me is the fact that there is no evident way for opening the urn.  I guess the ashes are sealed in the object.

My object is much smaller than the one Mitch showed, both in diameter and depth.

My Heart Art With Quarter.
The back seems very unfinished.

Signature On My Heart Object Find.
Could the signature be the name or the artist, owner, or pet?  Doesn't really seem like a pet's name.

Can you make out the name?

Unlike Mitch, I failed to provide a size comparison in my photo yesterday.  Sometimes that is most helpful.  Try to remember that when you send photos.  Thanks.


Again, no change in Treasure Coast beach conditions.

Happy hunting,

Thursday, June 25, 2015

6/25/15 Report - Heart Art Found Object. 13,000 Year Old Human Foot Prints. Battle of Morgarten. Consign Now.

Written by the TreasureGuide for the exclusive use of treasurebeachesreport.blogspot.com.

Dug Signed Heart Art.

I'm sure you've been enjoying the posts showing the recent treasure finds made by the crew of the Capitana along the Treasure Coast. If you missed those posts, to back and take a look. I'm sure there will be plenty more in the future.

I dug up this heart thing yesterday.  When I dug it, it was in the little black bag pictured below.  I dug it and looked in the bag, but I didn't see anymore than the edge of he object.  It was tight in the bag and it wouldn't come out, so I felt it through the bag to try to figure out what it was.  I didn't think it was anything other than some utilitarian thing with maybe some sort of small weight in it.  I threw it in my pocket with the other junk and didn't look at it again until I got home.  After getting it out of the bag, I saw it was a signed piece.  You can see the signature on the bottom right edge.
It looks like it reads something like Leo Benn.  That might not be totally correct.  I haven't determined the metal yet, other than to determine it is not silver or gold.  Looks like it could possibly be pewter.

It seems unusual to me.  I'd appreciate if someone could point me to similar objects or provide any information on it.  I guess it was meant to be carried in the little bag.  There is no pin, hook, eye or any other indication that it was meant to used any way other than carried in the bag.  I've never seen anything like it that I can recall.

Heart Object With Bag It Was Found In.

The crust that was on it suggests that it was not a real recent drop even though it was found in an area where I wouldn't expect anything other than recent drops.

An old ring came from the same area that last time I was there.

Treasure Coast Beach Yesterday Morning Near Low Tide.

The front beach here is very flat and covered with a thick layer of fine sand that has accumulated over the past few months.


VICTORIA — Evidence of what could be the oldest footprints in North America has been discovered below the shoreline of a remote British Columbia island.

Fossilized human footprints believed to be of a man, woman and child and estimated to be more than 13,000 years old were discovered at Calvert Island, which is located on B.C.’s central coast and is accessible only by boat or float plane...

Here is the link for more about that.


Who ever made those foot prints, (they say there are a male, female and child foot prints) would never think that their foot prints would be around to be studied thousands of years in the future?


On Thursday Zug cantonal government member Manuela Weichelt-Picard said that any objects remaining from Battle of Morgarten in 1315 had long since disappeared and that it was not possible to know the precisely where it all happened. Perhaps she was basing her information on an interview published in last Sunday's Neue Zuger Zeitung with local historian and expert Pirmin Moser, who said pretty much the same (and as quoted in yesterday's Panorama article). However, it now appears some artifacts which could date from this period have been found.
These include silver coins, daggers, sheathes and arrows, discovered among 80 kilogrammes of material (much of which actually emanated from 21st century school trips) collected in the area of Lake Aegeri by Romano Agola using a metal detector between January and the middle of May this year having been commissioned to do so by the cantons of Zug and Schwyz...

Here is the link for the rest of that story.



From Sedwick Coins...

Now is not too early to consign to our Treasure, World and U.S. Coin Auction #18, which will be our THIRD LIVE PUBLIC FLOOR sale. Like last time, we have secured the DoubleTree by Hilton at Lake Buena Vista in Orlando, FL, and we have locked in the date: October 29 2015 (with lot viewing & Guest Speakers on October 28 and lot pick-up and Numismatic Forum on October 30). Please let us know now if you plan to attend, so that we can make a preliminary head count and expand the room-block reservation if necessary.

I'm working on a systematic presentation of beach dynamics for metal detecting.  It is complicated and long, but I am making it simple.  I've been continuing to learn how that all works.  Don't know how soon I'll be able to post that.

Happy hunting,

Wednesday, June 24, 2015

6/24/15 Report - Captain Martinez and Crew of the Capitana Still On The Treasure Trail. Great Finds!

Written by the Treasureguide for the exclusive use of treasurebeachesreport.blogspot.com.

There they are.  That is a super bunch of reales, and if you look down around the middle of that bunch you'll see an escudo.

Congratulations to Captain Jonah Martinez and the crew of the Capitana!  Really great job!

Who said it has all been picked?

Treasure is still there.  The problem for beach hunters is getting to it.  We can't use blowers so we'll have to wait until Mother Nature uncovers whatever is out there and kicks it up.

Stormy weather is the time for beach hunting, and calm weather is the time for the treasure salvors.

These guys are already having a great year.  Who knows what's next?

You can see every denomination of reale there.

The escudo is a one-escudo.  The other escudo was incorrectly reported as a two escudo.  It is also a one-escudo.

Dan sent me the correction saying, The gold coin that we recently found is also a 1 escudo. Same as the first. And the 51 silver reales and gold coin was our earlier finds. Two day total.

Great two days, for sure!

It would be fun to study the entire group.

Below are close-ups of the escudo.   All of these photos were sent by Captain Jonah.

The Capitana Busy Finding Treasure.
You can't ask for flatter water and bluer skies.  Beautiful day for finding treasure.

Artifact and Escudo.

Bet that gave a screaming signal.

Thanks Captain for sharing your great adventure with all of us.

The Treasure Coast beaches are about as poor as I've ever seen.  Nothing real promising in the forecast either.

I've been doing some experimenting and scouting.  I can't wait for a something to move some sand.  I'm ready.

Happy hunting,

Tuesday, June 23, 2015

6/23/15 Report - Ancient Gold Bracelets Found. Clay Pipes. Beach Sand & Movement. More New Finds Made On T. C.

Written by the TreasureGuide for the exclusive use of treaurebeachesreport.blogspot.com.

Gold Bracelets.
Source: See scienceinpoland link below.
I know you enjoyed looking at the recent finds made on the Treasure Coast by the crew Capitana lately.  I'm sure you'll be seeing more of those very soon.

Here is a fascinating find with an interesting story, but it isn't from the Treasure Coast.

"During field work near Jasło, a farmer found three gold bracelets tied with golden wire" - told PAP archaeologist and Krosno museum director Jan Gancarski.

The archaeologist said that "the finder acted very honestly and informed the conservation services, which in turn transferred the finds to the museum in Krosno". "His attitude is commendable. I hope that he will receive an adequate award from the Minister of Culture and National Heritage" - added Gancarski.

Same Bracelets
Preliminary dating places the bracelets from 1600 to 400 BC.


I don't know if they are bracelets, but maybe.


In the list of dissertations that I mentioned yesterday there was a nice study of clay pipes.

Below is a figure from that study.

If you look at that illustration, it looks like that as pipes became more modern, they first got larger bowls and then later more upright bowls.

Here is the link for the dissertation and the figure shown above.


I once did a short series on reading beaches.  One thing to watch is the sand of different grain sizes.

On the surface of the back beach and in the dunes, you'll see a lot of fine grain sand.  The wind blows fine sand to form the dunes.

Around the water line there will also be a lot of fine grain sand, which is easily moved by both wind and waves.  Fine sand can be washed up by very small waves.  That is what we've been having a lot of lately, and that is why the beach fronts are building.

Fine grain sands also can be washed up the slope easily.

As you go out into deeper water, there will be more larger grain sand.  Normally at around ten meters or so, you'll see a rapid increase in medium grain sand.  Then when you get out around maybe thirty feet deep or so, you'll see more course grain sand.

When the water gets deeper, even large waves don't affect the bottom much.  At that point you'll normally then see a predominance of fine grain sand again.  The less easily moved coarse sand will pile up just before that where there is some winnowing from the waves, but not a lot - enough to move the finer sand towards shore or out into the deeper water.

Once you get into that deep water where the fine grain sand piles up again, mud will also start to settle out.

Of course there are times when you'll see different layers of sand piled on top of each other.  In the high energy zone of the front beach and shallow water, big waves will move larger grain sands in and out and sometimes lay layer on layer.

If the waves are small and only fine sand is moving, like has been the case much of the time lately, other objects aren't being moved much either.  Things will however get covered by the moving fine grain sand, maybe more quickly than you would think.

The highest energy zone lately has been in between where the waves are crashing and the shore.

Watch not only the water as it heads to shore, but also as it washes back. It goes both ways.  And watch what happens to any shells or sand in that area.

Trigger points are important and vary for different types of items.  I've talked about trigger points in the past.  What I'll call the "drop" or "settle" points are also important.

Clay, for example, even though it is very fine, is difficult to dislodge but won't drop or settle out until the water is very calm.

This is all part of the picture that will help you to understand beaches and where to hunt.

I'll have to continue with that some other time.


I'll have more pictures of finds from the Capitana in my next post.


On the Treasure Coast we are expecting more days of calm surf.

That is not great for beach hunting, but it allows the salvors to keep on working.

Happy hunting,

Monday, June 22, 2015

6/22/15 Report - Recent Atocha Finds. Bonsteel Beach. Nautical Archaeology Research Resources. Roman Artifacts Found By Detectorist.

Written by the TreasureGuide for the exclusive use of treasurebeachesreport.blogspot.com.

The above is an illustration is from a dissertation on flint lock pistols found on a 17th Century shipwreck.
Source: http://anthropology.tamu.edu/papers/Garigen-MA1991.pdf


In the past couple of posts I showed some of the super finds made by Treasure Coast salvors   The guys down south on the Atocha are making finds too.

One very nice lead bale seal was found.  It is being researched to see if they can identify the owner.  

Other recent finds on the Atocha site include four silver coins, a musket ball, several large spikes, encrusted objects, pottery, and some big ballast stones. The location of the large ballast stones suggests that there might well be more to be found to the East.

They will also soon be resuming the search for the Lost Merchant. 


One Treasure Coast coin beach that doesn't get mentioned as often as some of the others is Bonsteel.  Back a few posts I was talking about hurricanes Frances and Jeane.   One detectorist picked up 24 half reales there in one day.  I'm sure there were others doing the same.

Bonsteel is known for producing small half reales.


I just added a great new link to my Treasure Site Reference Link List.  The link that I added will take to a large number of graduate dissertations from the Texas A. & M. Nautical Archaeology program. \

That provides a lot of really good information.  The dissertations are good alone, but if you go to the references listed at the end of each dissertation you'll find a lot more good research materials.

Whether you are interested in Chinese porcelain from 17th Century Port Royal or the development of English anchors from 1550, you'll find plenty of interest in these dissertations.

Here is the link that I added to my list.


The dissertation on flintlock pistols which provided the above illustration is on that list.

You might want to look through that list if you haven't done it for a while.


Bronze Roman Urn Found By Detectorist
Source: See LiveScience.com link

A man in England went exploring with a metal detector and made the discovery of a lifetime: an exquisitely preserved Roman-era grave filled with artifacts, including bronze jugs, mosaic glassware, coins and hobnails from a pair of shoes, all dating to about A.D. 200.

Here is that link.



For many years I hunted exclusively in the all-metals or pinpoint modes.  That included a number of detectors.  Some of the best of those were built by individuals rather than any of the major detector companies.  However I did use detectors made by the major manufacturers and used those almost exclusively in the pinpoint or all metals mode as well.

That often results in greater sensitivity and depth, but that isn't the only benefit.  The "raw signal" that you get in those modes will help you get a good idea of the size, shape and depth of the object.  If you use it enough, you'll learn how much information you can get from that.  Knowing something about the size, shape and depth of a target often gives me the identity.  

I once explained how to identify nails and similar objects in all metals mode..  I'd rather know the size, shape and depth first, and then IF I actually want to know more about the object's identity before digging it, switch to a discrimination mode or target ID display.


On the Treasure Coast don't expect any improvement in conditions this week.

Happy hunting,

Sunday, June 21, 2015

6/21/15 Report - Crew Of Capitana Finds Gold Escudo & More. Florida Fossils.

Written by the TreasureGuide for the exclusive use of treasurebeachesreport.blogspot.com.

2 Escudo Just Found by Crew of Capitana
Photo sent by Dan B.

Captain Jonah and the crew of the Capitana are hot.  They just keep coming up with great finds.

Here is a nice freshly dug 2 escudo from the 1690s.

Great picture Dan!

Below is a picture of the other side of the same escudo along with a picture of Bill holding the escudo.

Thanks for sharing guys!

Close-Up Of Same

Bill With Found Two Escudo

And that isn't all.  Here is a good close-up view of some more reales fresh up.


Everybody thinks of the 1715 Fleet when they think of the Treasure Coast, and there is good reason for that, but not all treasure wrecks on the Treasure Coast were part of the 1715 Fleet.

When Kip Wagner discovered the Green Cabin Wreck they figured it was one more of the 1715 Fleet wrecks.  However cannon were dated to 1594 and Eugene Lyons eventually identified that wreck as the San Martin, which sank in 1618.

The Green Cabin Wreck is one of few Spanish wrecks of that period in the Western Hemisphere for which there is published hull data.

You can see that data by using the following link.


You might find that site useful.


Other salvage boats are finding neat stuff as well.  One thing that was recently found was a mastodon tooth.

Old fossils are found all the way along the Treasure Coast.  My fossil-expert friend figures that an ancient river ran just off shore back when the water level was lower.

Here is a map showing a larger Florida land mass from the Ice Age period.  You can use this link to find that illustration and read more about that.


You'll occasionally see fossils on the beach after either a period of rough seas or sometimes as the result of human activity such as beach replenishment or construction projects.

I've seen both mastodon teeth and a mastodon tusk section on the beach in the past.  I think I once showed a picture of a piece of a mastodon tooth found on the beach, as well as other fossils.

I recently mentioned the fossil shark teeth being found on a West Palm Beach beach in replenishment sand.  People are also finding shark teeth on a replenished South Carolina beach.


Back in 1978, Gary Johnson was a junior at Rolling Hills High School in Rancho Palos Verdes, California with a keen interest in archaeology. Around that time, he noticed a large rock sticking out of the ground with a bone pattern in it. With the help of friends, he rolled the 1,000-pound rock (using logs) about 200 yards into his family's backyard.

After chipping away shale and dirt, Johnson called in an expert to get an opinion of his find. The expert deemed the fossil not very significant and the rock sat in the backyard for over 35 years.  It was later discovered to be a balleen whale fossil that was somewhere around 15 million years old.


Things aren't always correctly identified right off the bat.  Some of my biggest regrets are the result of things not being correctly identified.


I'm a little handicapped.  A few stitches in my right arm right where it would fit into the detector arm cuff.  Have to wait for that to heal.

As far as Treasure Coast beach conditions, it is still hot and the surf darn near flat.  No change expected real soon.

Happy hunting,

Friday, June 19, 2015

6/19/15 Report - BiG NEWS! 30 Silver Treasure Coins Just Found Off Treasure Coast! Beach Detecting Conditions Remain Poor.

Writen by the TreasureGuide for the exclusive use of treasurebeachesreport.blogspot.com.

30 Silver Coins Just Found by Captain Jonah's Crew of The Capitana.
Photo submitted by Captain Jonah Martinez.
Captain Jonah said,   The Capitana boys are on. We have been working hard everyday we can. Just keep on it and you will find. Not a bad day, 30 silver coins !!! Special thanks to Brent, Bill and Dan.

Way to go guys!  Brent, Bill and Dan are the crew.  Good job!


Another salvage boat was out working this morning.  Here it is.

Salvage Boat Working An Area Near The Famed "Carpet Of Gold" This Morning.

While water conditions are nice and calm, beach detecting conditions are very poor.  Not only is every place sanded in, but there are very few beach goers on the Treasure Coast beaches.  Where did everybody go?

At one popular beach, there were NO cars but mine.  At one of the treasure beaches, there was only one other car.   So not only are beach conditions poor, but there isn't even much of anybody out there to lose anything.

I did dig a few things.  The first thing was a key.  I hate to find keys,  You know somebody could have been very inconvenienced by the loss, but here is usually no way to find and return lot keys.

Here are some other beach photos from three separate beaches to give you a good idea of what it is like out there.  Photos were taken this morning just after low tide.

I saw one sea turtle leaving the beach this morning.

Expect more of the same on the Treasure Coast well into next week.

Happy hunting,