Written by the TreasureGuide for the exclusive use of treasurebeachesreport.blogspot.com.
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Jetons were token or coin-like medals produced across Europe from the 13th through the 17th centuries. They were produced as counters for use in calculation on a lined board similar to an abacus. They also found use as a money substitute in games, similar to modern casino chips or poker chips. Thousands of different jetons exist, mostly of religious and educational designs, as well as portraits, these most resembling coinage. (Excerpt from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jeton)
Jetons have been found on Spanish colonial sites including St. Augustine. Most were made in cities we now associate with Germany. Nuremberg being one.
Here is a site showing how jetons were used as reckoning counters.
The jeton shown above is from a Ph.D. dissertation by Kroum Nickolaev Batchvarov.
Here is the description of that jeton.
Token KT101 has an irregular shape and was struck slightly off center of the brass blank (fig. 80). On the reverse of the token is depicted a ship, viewed from the port quarter. The depiction is highly stylized and appears to illustrate a two-decked warship. It is surrounded by the motto Plus Ultra (Further Beyond) of the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V. Subsequently, this also became the motto of Habsburg Spain. According to mythology, the Pillars of Hercules (Straits of Gibraltar) bore the warning Nec Plus Ultra or “nothing further beyond” to prevent sailors from falling off the earth. The adoption of the modified motto by Charles V was meant to state a commitment to going further than 252 any before him. The association with the Pillars of Hercules is probably the connection between the motto and the ship depicted on the token. The obverse contains a sun face, moon and stars. Around the periphery is inscribed “E. L. S. Lauer RECHEN PF.” The first stands for Ernst Ludwig Siegmund Lauer, the manufacturer of the jeton. Lauer evidently was born in 1762, started work in or about 1783 and retired in 1833. It appears that he died as late as 1845. The second part of the inscription is to be read as rechen Pfennig, or “accounting token” in German. It appears that Lauer struck large quantities of this type as they frequently appear on internet auction sites. A Lauer jeton was also found at Corinth in Greece, but as the article did not include an illustration of it, I cannot be certain that it is identical to KT 101.255 Fig. 80. KT101 An accounting token struck by Ernst Lauer.
Below is the source link. The title of the dissertation is The Kitten Shipwreck: Aarchaeology And Reconstruction Of A Black Sea Merchantman.
It is a lengthy dissertation. A number of nice artifacts are shown near the end of the dissertation. Take a look.
Here is the link.
It takes a while to load.
|Warren D. Who Returned Lost Necklace to Tourist.|
See yesterday's post.
The surfing web sites are predicting a very flat surf on the Treasure Coast for the next week or two.